Since the 18th century, medicine has made exponential leaps in the development of technological mechanisms that allow more and more precision and more depth in the diagnosis of human pathologies.
A brief tour of the timeline of medicine in line with the technological evolution that, subsequently, brought the modernity of the new millennium, accounts for these incredible advances.
In 1895 W. Roenteng discovers the X-rays, which were then improved, as will be mentioned later. In 1921 for the first time a microscope was used in one operation; currently, instead of microscopes, the “endoscopy” technique is used. In 1942, an artificial kidney for dialysis was used for the first time. In 1952 P.M. Zoll implanted the first pacemaker. In 1953 the model of the double helix of DNA is obtained. In 1967, the first heart transplant was performed among humans. In 1978, the first baby conceived in vitro was born, that is to say: ovules and sperm were united in a culture medium propitiated in a test tube.
It would be from the year 2000 when the technological boom would trigger a scientific development of such a high scale that it became the creation and installation of the computerized tomography (X-ray images), the nuclear magnetic resonance, the econography (ultrasound diagnosis), the artificial respirator, defibrillator and genetic cloning.